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山东春季高考英语完形填空的答题技巧
发布人:http://www.o9555.com 发布时间:2018-12-11 浏览次数:
1、要点考察语境。所谓语境,就是指文章的上下文,它包含文章口气的一致性、意思的连贯性、表述的合理性、证明的逻辑性等。所以考生在做题时,一定要从全体上把握文章内容,区别文章的结构层次和文章的内在逻辑关系,一起认真比较所给选项,并从中选最符合语境的答案
1. Keep an eye on context. The so-called context refers to the context of an article, which includes the consistency of tone, the consistency of meaning, the rationality of expression, the logic of proof and so on. Therefore, when examinees are doing a question, they must grasp the content of the article from the whole, distinguish the structure and level of the article from the internal logical relationship of the article, carefully compare the options given, and choose the most contextual answers.
2、语法剖析法虽然近几年的高考完形填空首要考察考生对语境的了解,很少考察纯语法知识,可是凭借语法剖析来帮助了解语句、估测语境、判别调配等,这却是必不可少的。所以,考生在遇到疑难杂乱的语句时,应充沛利用所学语法知识进行剖析处理,以免因了解上的过失而选错答案。
2. Grammatical analysis is essential to understand sentences, estimate contexts, discriminate and allocate sentences by means of grammatical analysis, although cloze filling in college entrance examinations in recent years mainly focuses on examinees'understanding of context and seldom on pure grammatical knowledge. Therefore, candidates should make full use of their grammatical knowledge to analyze and deal with difficult and confusing sentences so as not to choose the wrong answers because of their mistakes in understanding.\山东春季高考
3、知识推断法
3. Knowledge Inference
语境的判别在许多情况下需凭借知识的判别,所以考生在做题时还应充沛结合自己作为一名中学生所应该具备的知识进行合理估测。如车在转弯时,车速要怠慢;人累了就要歇息;学习不刻苦,考试就不能及格等,这都是知识问题。
In many cases, the judgment of context depends on the judgment of knowledge, so candidates should also make a reasonable assessment with the knowledge they should have as a middle school student. For example, when a car is turning a corner, the speed of the car should be slow; when a person is tired, he should rest; if he does not study hard, he will not pass the exam, and so on. These are all questions of knowledge.
4、习语调配法
4. Idiom Mixing
英语中,一些固定的句型和短语结构既是学习的一个难点,也是完形填空的一个常考考点。做题时应注意所填空之词与空格前后词语的习惯调配。
In English, some fixed sentence patterns and phrase structures are not only a difficulty in learning, but also a common test point for cloze filling. When doing a problem, we should pay attention to the habitual blending of the blanks and the words before and after the blanks.
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